nickel ore and dangers liquefaction

  • No. 13 2017/2018 - Dangers of Carrying Nickel Ore from ...

    Dear Sirs, Dangers of Carrying Nickel Ore from Indonesia and the Philippines – Mandatory Notification Requirements (re-issued) Background This Notice should be read in conjunction with the attached International Group summary relating to the safe carriage of nickel ore cargoes which also forms part of this Notice. The liquefaction of such cargoes has resulted in the sinking of a number of ...

  • West of England P&I - Cargo - Nickel Ore

    Sep 14, 2018 · The dangers associated with the carriage of nickel ore, due to the risk of liquefaction of the cargo on passage when the moisture content is higher .

  • Ores unprocessed - Cargo Handbook - the world's largest ...

    Description. A large range of ores are shipped in unprocessed condition. This category includes two particular type of unprocessed ores which have led to high profile casualties involving the loss of life of dozens of seafarers as a result of the cargoes liquefying on board during transit. Apart from a number of tragic losses, there is also record of several "near-misses" and time ...

  • West of England reiterates danger of liquefied nickel ore ...

    Sep 26, 2018 · The dangers associated with the carriage of nickel ore due to the risk of liquefaction of the cargo when the moisture content rises to higher than the cargo's Flow Moisture Point (FMP), were well known, but bore repeating, says West of England in a new article. Following a succession of ships being lost where liquefaction...

  • Charterers' liability: Nickel Ore - urgent warning on ...

    Nov 16, 2010 · Charterers' liability: Nickel Ore - urgent warning on cargo liquefaction ... Advice Charterers' liability: Nickel Ore - urgent warning on cargo liquefaction. 16 November 2010 ... iron ore from India and nickel ore from Indonesia and the Philippines have shown that despite a lot of effort the basic dangers have not gone away.

  • Liquefaction of - GARD

    Iron ore fines and nickel ore By Dr Martin Jonas, Brookes Bell, Liverpool. (see Figure 1). This suddenly reduces the friction between particles, and thus the shear strength of the cargo. The effect of this process is a transition from a solid state to a viscous fluid state in which all or part of the cargo can flatten out to form a fluid surface.

  • Nickel Ore and Dangers Liquefaction - SlideShare

    Aug 17, 2011 · Nickel Ore and Dangers Liquefaction 1. MEMBER ALERTShipowners Claims Bureau, Inc., ManagerOne Battery Park Plaza 31st Fl., New York, NY 10004 USATel: +1 212 847 4500Fax: +1 212 847 4599 16, 2010DANGERS WITH RESPECT TO THE CARRIAGE OF NICKEL ORE AND OTHER BULKCARGOES PRONE TO LIQUIFACTION:The .

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  • Dangers of Cargo Liquefaction! 'Can Test' & 'Splash Test ...

    Jun 30, 2017 · Dangers of Cargo Liquefaction! 'Can Test' & 'Splash Test' Not Reliable. By. Mfame Team - June 30, 2017. ... Now the Association of Bulk Terminal Operators has called for a complete overhaul of the cargo sampling and liquefaction testing protocols for raw ores and less common cargoes, such as nickel ore, fine wet coal and bauxite.

  • Liquefaction of Nickel Ore cargoes - UK P&I

    Bulk carriers have been facing the issue of Liquefaction for a long time with the loss of some ships being attributed to liquefaction of Iron Ore exported from India. However, strong government measures seem to have reduced the dangers substantially in that sector (though some concerns persist.)In recent times the majority of Liquefaction incidents relate to Nickel ore cargoes being exported ...

  • Liquefaction of Nickel Ore cargoes - LinkedIn

    Aug 20, 2015 · Liquefaction of Nickel Ore cargoes ... In recent times the main dangers of Liquefaction have been faced with the Nickel ore cargoes .

  • No. 13 2017/2018 - Dangers of Carrying Nickel Ore from ...

    Dear Sirs, Dangers of Carrying Nickel Ore from Indonesia and the Philippines – Mandatory Notification Requirements (re-issued) Background This Notice should be read in conjunction with the attached International Group summary relating to the safe carriage of nickel ore cargoes which also forms part of this Notice. The liquefaction of such cargoes has resulted in the sinking of a number of ...

  • The dangers of liquefactionma

    casualties related to liquefaction of cargoes such as iron ore and nickel ore. This booklet of extracts combines articles from . Shipping and Trade Law. and . Maritime Risk International, as well as other sources on i-law, to provide some background to liquefaction, summarise what the law is, and explore why incidents continue to occur.

  • West of England reiterates danger of liquefied nickel ore ...

    Sep 26, 2018 · The dangers associated with the carriage of nickel ore due to the risk of liquefaction of the cargo when the moisture content rises to higher than the cargo's Flow Moisture Point (FMP), were well known, but bore repeating, says West of England in a new article. Following a succession of ships being lost where liquefaction...

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  • Tackling Cargo Liquefaction - Cambiaso Risso Group

    Aug 23, 2016 · Nickel ore, iron ore fines and bauxite for instance, have all exhibited liquefaction properties despite being originally unclassified or listed as Group C cargoes. Nickel Ore – Has been referred to as "The Deadliest Cargo" – Nickel ore carriage represents just 0.06% of world trade since 2010, but has resulted in 80% of deaths at sea

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  • MARITIME BULK CARGO LIQUEFACTION.uk

    line is to raise the awareness of the risks of cargo liquefaction on ships and to describe what mitigating actions may be taken to reduce such risks. The target ... Emarald Star 57k 2010 10 13 October 2017 Nickel ore Indonesia Table 1 – Liquefaction accidents Figure 1 – The Trans Summer after capsizing (Photo: HKG Flying Service) 4 DNV GL ...

  • Despite Warnings, Nickel Ore Cargo Dangers Persist

    Despite years of warnings about the risk of cargo liquefaction in shipments of bulk nickel ore, terminals in the Philippines continue to load dangerously wet cargoes, says leading insurer Gard ...

  • Dangers of carrying Nickel Ore from Indonesia and the ...

    The liquefaction of such cargoes has resultedin the sinking of a number of ships with a loss of many lives in the last 18 months. Nickel ore is a cargo which may liquefy if the moisture content of the material exceedsits Transportable Moisture Limit (TML). Cargo liquefaction may lead to a loss of stability, to the extent that the ship may capsize.

  • Tackling Cargo Liquefaction | Bunkerist

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  • Liquefaction – the latest position

    Liquefaction – the latest position Members will be aware that the Club has recently published a circular (Circular 8/12) highlighting the potential dangers posed by cargoes of nickel ore which are shipped from Indonesia and the Philippines. The circular, which was published in very similar form by all clubs

  • Nickel Ore Liquefaction Eyed in Bulker Sinking Off ...

    Oct 13, 2017 · Nickel ore, a high-risk Group A cargo in the International Maritime Solid Bulk Cargoes Code, is notoriously known to be highly susceptible to liquefaction, that is .

  • Nickel ore - a liquefaction risk - SAFETY4SEA

    Liquefaction risks of nickel ore cargoes from Indonesia and the Philippines have been a long-standing prominent issue which require constant vigilance and review by shipowners and charterers. Since 2010, the liquefaction of nickel ore cargoes has caused the capsize of seven vessels.

  • Dangers of Shifting Cargoes! Tackling Cargo Liquefaction ...

    Sep 01, 2016 · Nickel ore, iron ore fines and bauxite for instance, have all exhibited liquefaction properties despite being originally unclassified or listed as Group C cargoes. Nickel Ore. Has been referred to as "The Deadliest Cargo". Nickel ore carriage represents just 0.06% of world trade since 2010, but has resulted in 80% of deaths at sea.

  • Nickel ore bulk liquefaction a handymax incident and ...

    Jul 15, 2017 · Nickel ore liquefaction has a direct correlation between the parameters of moisture content (MC) within the cargo and the response motion of the ship steering through its encountering weather condition at seas.

  • The Dangers Of Transporting Nickel Ore Cargoes – A Timely ...

    The Dangers Of Transporting Nickel Ore Cargoes – A Timely Reminder. in Marine Insurance P&I Club News 01/07/2019. ... There are many technical papers on the liquefaction of nickel ore. However ...

  • Nickel ore – a liquefaction risk | Insurance Marine News

    Jun 26, 2018 · Marine insurer Skuld has warned that liquefaction risks of nickel ore cargoes from Indonesia and the Philippines had been a long-standing prominent issue, "which require constant vigilance and review by shipowners and charterers". Janice Dao Yeung Yeung, Senior Claims Executive with Skuld and based in Hong Kong, has written that, since 2010, the liquefaction of...

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  • CARGO LIQUEFACTION AND DANGERS TO SHIPS

    seafarers loss their lives. Their cargoes were nickel ore; the ships were sailing from Indonesia to China [13]. The cause of the sinking has not yet been definitively known but nickel ore is known to suffer the risk of liquefaction, if the moisture content of the cargo exceeds the transportable moisture limit (TML) when loaded. It is very possible

  • Nickel Ore - Risk of Liquefaction | The London P&I Club

    Nov 23, 2010 · The latest casualties which have been tentatively attributed to liquefaction are very stark reminders of the dangers associated with nickel ore. Accordingly, Members are encouraged to make early contact with the Club if they are considering the carriage of nickel ore from any port.

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  • Precautions against bulk cargo which may liquefy

    Precautions against hazards of bulk cargo which may liquefy ... Fig: Iron ore liquefaction. ... four Bulk carrying vessels and 66 seafarers in little under 12 months INTERCARGO has sought to highlight the potential dangers of carrying Nickel Ore cargoes.

  • Seaborne nickel ore trade still a deadly 'game of Russian ...

    Aug 11, 2015 · Indonesia had been China's largest supplier of high-grade nickel ore, and China's NPI producers stockpiled as much as they could before the ban came into effect and have sourced more nickel ore from the Philippines. If cargo liquefaction is proven, the surviving crew members of the Alam Manis can consider themselves lucky to be alive ...

  • The difficulties of enforcing regulations on the dangerous ...

    Jul 03, 2018 · The extreme dangers of the nickel ore trade, where liquefaction of the cargo can cause a vessel to sink in a matter of minutes are, well known but enforcing regulations on this valuable business ...

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